Gender in Hindi language
Gender or ling(लिंग ) is the most confusing part of hindi language for a non native speaker.
English language only uses different pronouns(He/she) for male and female, but in Hindi language the whole sentence changes its form when the gender changes.
Whenever one witnesses “he” or “she” in english language, the gender of the person involved is known, but in hindi language the verbs, nouns and even adjectives change its forms in different genders.
lets talk about it in details
Hindi nouns are either masculine or feminine.
as a general thumb rule, one must keep in mind that
(1) Most nouns ending with ‘Aa’ in singular and ‘e’ in plural are Masculine or pull-ling
लड़का/लड़के –ladkaa/ladke- boy/boys
दरवाजा/दरवाजे- darwaajaa/darwaaje- door/doors
गाना/गाने – gaanaa/gaane-song/songs
(2) Most nouns ending with ‘ee’ in singular and ‘iyaa’/’iyaan’ in plural are feminine or stree-ling
लड़की/ लड़कियां – ladkii/ladkiyaan- girl/girls
खिड़की/खिड़कियाँ – khidki/khidkiyaan- window/windows
कुतिया – kutiya- bitch
(3)The above rules have to be supported by a general feel of the object – it’s shape, delicacy/rigidity (most important), strength etc.
हवा – hawaa- air (delicate, deformable)
(4) This is a personal observation, if there are two froms of a noun and one has more ‘number of characters’ it is most likely to be feminine.
If a noun has two forms the shorter one would generally be masculine.
शेर /शेरनी – sher-sherni (lion-lioness)
कवी/कवयित्री – kavi-kavyitri(poet-poetess)
(5) Please note that there is no general rule for determining gender and one learns it mostly with two basic rules
- master with experience.