Genders in Hindi Language- For Nouns

Gender in Hindi language

 

Gender or ling(लिंग ) is the most confusing part of hindi language for a non native speaker.

 

English language only uses different pronouns(He/she) for male and female, but in Hindi language the whole sentence changes its form when the gender changes.

 

Whenever one witnesses “he” or “she” in english language, the gender of the person involved is known, but in hindi language the verbs, nouns and even adjectives change its forms in different genders.

 

lets talk about it in details

Hindi nouns are either masculine or feminine.

 

as a general thumb rule, one must keep in mind that

 




(1) Most nouns ending with ‘Aa’ in singular and ‘e’ in plural are Masculine or pull-ling

example

लड़का/लड़के –ladkaa/ladke- boy/boys

दरवाजा/दरवाजे- darwaajaa/darwaaje- door/doors

गाना/गाने – gaanaa/gaane-song/songs

 

(2) Most nouns ending with ‘ee’ in singular and ‘iyaa’/’iyaan’ in plural are feminine or stree-ling

example

लड़की/ लड़कियां – ladkii/ladkiyaan- girl/girls

खिड़की/खिड़कियाँ – khidki/khidkiyaan- window/windows

कुतिया – kutiya- bitch

 

(3)The above rules have to be supported by a general feel of the object – it’s shape, delicacy/rigidity (most important), strength etc.

example

हवा – hawaa- air (delicate, deformable)

 

(4) This is a personal observation, if there are two froms of a noun and one has more ‘number of characters’ it is most likely to be feminine.

If a noun has two forms the shorter one would generally be masculine.

शेर /शेरनी – sher-sherni (lion-lioness)

कवी/कवयित्री – kavi-kavyitri(poet-poetess)

 

(5) Please note that there is no general rule for determining gender and one learns it mostly with two basic rules

  1. memorize
  2. master with experience.
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